Do you work with needle valves or are you preparing to start? We’ve put a guide together for all things needle valve in case you come across unfamiliar terminology when working on a project.In our guide, you’ll read about what they are, how they work and some of the different ways they’re commonly used. After checking out our synopsis, you’ll discover a broader spectrum of the ins and outs of working with and using needle valves.
A valve is a device that sits along the line of a pipe or passage and is used to adjust the flow of air or liquid that’s allowed to travel along the passage. There are many types of valves with different functional capabilities and features. The valve we’re going to be digging into is called a needle valve.A needle valve is a particular type of valve, one which has an unusually small port and a needle-shaped plunger that moves up and down within the confines of the port. In this way, it resembles a needle inside a syringe, which is how it gets its name. The plunger can be moved up and down within the port, allowing for more precise flow control.Some valves only have two settings which are open and closed, but a needle valve might be half-open, barely open, or fully open creating the opportunity for greater precision.
When needle valves are in-use they will be under stress to hold back large amounts of liquid and gas. The liquids and gases may contain chemicals that can be damaging to many materials and it’s essential the valves are made from highly durable material.Stainless steel is the most common choice, as this metal is resistant to most forms of chemical damage, corrosion, and rust and will last for years without needing to be replaced. It’s also quite low-maintenance. Carbon steel and brass are additional common material choices. Another critical characteristic of needle valves is they must be able to withstand extreme temperatures. Often, those same liquids or gases being pushed through the valves are extremely hot or cold. Both variables can be damaging, and special considerations must be taken during construction to ensure the needle valves are protected.Needle valves are used in a variety of settings for a range of applications and there are many different types of needle valves to choose from for your chosen application.Here are the primary qualifications for a well-constructed needle valve: they must be durable, sturdy, and resistant to chemicals and extreme temperature damage.
Needle valves are commonly used products. They are specifically useful in regulating precise flow and exact calibration in small channel applications.Needle valves are used across a wide range of industries that work with fluid control applications. A few of the common industries include:
The basic principle for a needle valve is that the needle part of the valve is depressed or withdrawn to either restrict or enable the flow of liquid or gas through the tube. Let’s take a look at how this process works.The needle valve, while it consists of a whole host of intricate pieces that fit together, functions primarily because of the two major components known as the needle and the seat. The needle is, of course, the conical-shaped plunger that is either depressed into or retracted from the channel to control flow. The seat is a term for the space where the needle enters the channel through which the air or liquid is flowing. In other words, the seat is the space into which the needle enters.Needles and seats are designed to be exact fits to one another. This means that when the needle is put into place and has been fully depressed, there will be no air gaps at all for any gas or liquid to escape. They’re the perfect size, and this is intentional.The external look of the needle valve consists of a handle, which is either a bar handle or a round handle that the user can easily grasp and connects to the stem. In a needle valve diagram, this will be the primary differing piece you can see.Internally, the needle fits into the seat and is threaded like a screw for ease of operation. For the needle valve to work, the user will rotate the stem, comfortably gripping the handle for ease of rotation. As the needle rotates, the threaded sides turn, and the needle is either lowered or raised out of the seat. Because of the threading, the actual change in needle depth for every turn is extremely minimal. This allows for maximum precision, as the needle can be raised or lowered by the tiniest of degrees.The savvy thinker may immediately jump to the potential problem of the entire piece becoming too highly pressurized and not being able to handle the buildup of pressure in such a small space once the flow has been cut off. However, the simple fact is this piece can work precisely because it’s so small. The opening is small compared to the rest of the body, meaning that high-pressure is not a problem. On the flip side of this, however, the small opening typically means that these aren’t ideal for high-flow situations.
As discussed earlier, there are many types of valves and they all perform the same basic function of regulating the level of flow allowed through a passage. However, each different type offers its unique set of advantages and benefits that may make it more suited to certain tasks above others.Needle valves have their own specific set of advantages, not to say they’re the best valve out there, simply because there’s no such thing as a “best valve.” Rather, it’s more accurate to say that the needle valve is the best valve for particular situations like the ones we mentioned earlier where you rely on high levels of precision and accuracy.How can you determine if a needle valve is the best fit for your intended application? It’s helpful to know about the specific advantages and disadvantages of needle valves so we compiled a list, check it out here!
There aren’t too many downsides to needle valves, but nothing is entirely without drawbacks. Rather than thinking of these as flaws that count against the needle valve, instead, think of them as areas where the needle valve is not quite as strong. These points may be the area of expertise of a different valve design.
Here at Mako Products, we offer threaded needle valves and compression needle valves.We’re proud to be your number one source for Superlok products, and that includes Superlok’s top-of-the-line needle valves.The Superlok compression end needle valves are outfitted with new technology to prevent under- or over-tightening. This technology is a built-in gap gauge that includes two red rings that pop-off when the tube ends have been tightened properly ensuring that the seal is rock-solid every time, with no leaks or safety issues.In addition to this extra feature, Superlok’s needle valve technology ticks all the boxes you’ve come to expect from a needle valve. They offer precision flow control, high levels of flexibility and adaptability, and increased efficiency. Additionally, Superlok’s needle valves are compatible with every other major brand out there, allowing you to use these within your current systems.Finally, these needle valves are crafted from the most durable stainless steel and can withstand temperatures ranging from -65 to 600 degrees Fahrenheit depending on which needle valve you choose. This makes them a viable choice even for extreme conditions, where other needle valves might not be up to the strain.
Have you made up your mind to purchase needle valves today? Then we’d like to invite you to shop our catalog of options here at Mako Products. Enjoy equipment that goes above and beyond doing the job of a simple needle valve.If you’re ready to begin shopping for needle valves, then we encourage you to learn more about our offerings here at Mako Products. Contact us to learn more.
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